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production technology of tomato in pakistan

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Chemical composition of common leafy vegetables and functional properties of their leaf protein concentrates. In this study Rs. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. The months with minimum value depict the crop end stage and new crop sowing stage. All the clients (100%) demanded CNF prices of CIF prices. Ltd. (FMP). Area distribution under each crop during specific year was given in Table 1, which indicates the weightage (demand) of the crop. After introduction, next section describes hydroponics technology in the globe and Pakistan so that reader can understand the technology easily. Patterns and Determinant of fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa. Tomato production processing and technology, 9. Bader S., 2006. The data include quantity of product sold to each client and prices of each product. Laghari and M.M. In March 2009, company has been transferred to Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi (PMAS-AAUR) on the basis of board resolution. 1999. United Nation Sustainable Development, Knowledge Platform, Open Working Group Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, United Nation. even compromising 30% of winter production due to non-availability of natural gas); b): It provides best quality highly nutritious products for local and niche markets with sweet taste; c): Diversity in production of many kinds of local and exotic vegetables; d): Hydroponics products are safe for human being as they are free from all kind of pesticide spray; e): Local labor is now trained in hydroponics; f): Technology has been tested under local conditions; g): Pakistan can lead the SAARC region in hydroponics technology as the commercial unit of hydroponics vegetable production is only tested in Pakistan in the SAARC region. Carla. Present world production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from 3.7 million ha. Cost and Return Structure for the Promising Enterprise of Off-Season Vegetables in Himachal Pradesh. Dev. By sea transportation is possible through refrigerated containers; g):Water purification cost through reverse osmosis can be eliminated and water can be saved by installing the units on most of the small dams in Potohar and other suitable regions depending upon EC and pH of rain water; h): Commercial import of salts can reduce unit cost (CPEC opportunity); i): Improvement in health of the consumers through diseased and pesticide free products. Average yield of cherry tomato was recorded as 47±7 (SD) ton per hectare. Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. meter. The data was maintained on daily basis and appropriate registers were maintained. You can change your ad preferences anytime. National Food Secur. Few elements of the machinery and equipment were not required in Pakistan climate and even many of them can be reduced if installed in climatically favorable zones like moderate zones of coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, Abbottabad, Potohar and few areas of KPK province of Pakistan. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Seasonality in production and sales of hydroponics: In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. Arshad Mahmood Malik conceived the idea, collected and analysed the data, reviewed the literature and wrote the manuscript. 2018. Hydroponics as an agricultural production system. Sci. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24(1). Braun, J.V. Greenhouse cultivation of vegetables offers distinct advantages of quality, productivity and favorable market prices to the growers. Cultivated area of Pakistan is only 22.2 m.ha. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Prices in UAE market face more global competition as compared to other destination due to volume of the market. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . Terminal wholesale market near the production facility of hydroponics was Islamabad Fruits and vegetable market. By Prod. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. View (active tab) What links here; Tomato is an important commercial vegetable crop for farmers. Khan, M.I. Generally, most of the interested people belongs to farming community and may own some piece of land. Traditional farming ( difference between traditional and conventional far... 50. Med. Factors contributed in development of local market were introduction of new products, price stabilization policy in one big market of Rawalpindi /Islamabad, flexible prices on low grade product, price negotiations with chain stores, massive marketing campaign through exhibitions and seminars and opening new markets and customers. Meat Sciences and Veterinary Public Health Input data include all the inputs involved in hydroponics production process and on which some expenditure has been incurred for financial analysis. In Pakistan 50 million people are working in agriculture sector and producing 25 million tons of food grains (Hussain and Akram, 2008). Windbreaks. Tomato production in Pakistan was 530 thousand tones during 2011. Option for the country is to increase productivity. Kitchen garden tomato a vegetable that is used in our Houses By Mr Allah Dad... How to prune tomato By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University o... 2. 1969. UF/IFAS Extension. Benefit cost ratio was studied and other measures of performance like export intensity, local penetration ratio etc. Ltd was also collected from 2009 to 2013. Hydroponics as an Agricultural Production System. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Land cost is just 10% of the total cost (Table 6). Where; Yi: Yield of respective crop like tomato on vine, cherry tomato and bell pepper; Pi: Production of respective crop in specific area. Table 3: Comparison of Tomato Yield Hydroponics with open field Pakistan India and world. Cultivated area in Pakistan is also limited. Data on various production and economic variables was collected from FMP during 2009 to 2013. Manag. Latest technologies have dramatically increased the production of the crop. Tomato is an important vegetable in Pakistan which is used FMP was involved in selling its products in local and export market. China was by far the largest producer, accounting for nearly 33% of global produ Minist. Sarhad J. Agric. Notes and Comments PIDE. This rationalization decreased capital cost to Rs. 2008. (Presently the trained manpower of this project has been engaged by KSA; c): Rainfall water stored in small dams is best for hydroponics production; d): Few inputs are abundantly available in the country like Apsom Salt; e): Sea port is one day travel from Potohar region of Pakistan where the technology is tested; f): Technology testing in other regions with favourable temperature; g): Major salt used in hydroponics is Calcium Nitrate which can be produced locally. The prices fetched by hydroponically produced Tomato on vine of FMP in each year were given in Table 4. Export markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. The month of September and October are the lowest sale months of hydroponic firm. Although potato was grown on the Indian subcontinent from the late 16th or early 17th centuries, at Pakistan's foundation in 1947 cultivation was restricted to a few thousand hectares and total annual output was less than 30,000 tonnes. While per capita consumption of vegetable in Turkey and Brazil were 242 kg per annum. Now a day’s majority of the items were available at cheaper price in domestic. Labor and energy cost can further be decreased by improving efficiency of the system through indigenization. The local sales during first year were Rs. Yield Potential of Some Exotic and Local Tomato Cultivars Grown for Summer Production, Pak. The major characteristics which dignify FMP tomato on vine from local tomatoes were, shining, nutrients enriched, beautiful, low sodium contents, less perishability, sweetness (best for salad), packing and homogeneity in size and color. 2009. In Sindh illiteracy rate is high and most of the farmers are illiterate. Role of indigenous leafy vegetables in combating hunger and malnutrition, S. Afr. Hill, T. and R. Westbrook. WhatsApp . 78(1): 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4. Abiotic and Biotic Stress Journal (Absjournal) Government of Pakistan c 2014. Punjab University Journal of Zoology This calls for the increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available technologies (Bravo-Ureta and Pinheiro, 1997). http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, United States Dept. (GoP, 2014) from last many decades. Food and Agriculture Organization of UN statistics. FMP was producing tomato on vine, bell pepper and cherry tomato under hydroponics system. Major cost in investment in hydroponics was on structure of greenhouses which is 80 percent of the total cost. © 2020 ResearchersLinks. Kurttila, M., M. Pesonen, J. Kangas and M. Kajanus. Production of Greenhouse Tomatoes-Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, Vol. Acta Hort. 1995. Marketing is the process of selling goods in local and international market. The production facility of the company was located at Rawat, Islamabad and partly in Kalyam Awan, Gujar Khan tehsil of Rawalpindi on both sides of GT Road joining Rawalpindi to Lahore. Per capita consumption of vegetable during 1960 was 10.6 grams per day (Khan, 1969). Consumption of hydroponics products depends mainly on income, preferences of consumer and market prices (Rual, 2005) (Figure 3). 0. Four years monthly data of hydroponic firm (FMP) has been analyzed to understand the seasonality in sale revenue of the firm. 159-168. Prices of each product were notified by the company depending upon market situation, season and prices of substitute. Marketing cost mainly include freight on export. Foreign reserves will improve. Habib, H.S., A.M. Malik, A. Ali and M.A. Journal of Innovative Sciences Available at: http://wps.fep.up.pt/wps/wp524.pdf. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process _AHP. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 2015. Export intensity is the common measure of export performance of a firm or country (Reis and Forte, 2014). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012, The population increase is still on the up and need another boost in the yield to meet the increasing demand at national level. To share on other social networks, click on P-share. Agribusiness Pakistan is a Pakistan based Agriculture Consultancy Online Portal in Pakistan. Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption Am J. Prev. The average yield of India, Asia and World was 19.47± 0.83, 34.28±0.27 and 33.37±0.57 respectively during period under study. Sci. Pakistan’s Agricultural Development since Independence: Intertemporal Trends and Explanations. Table 5: Export intensity of FMP 2009-13. Production technology of maize July 1, 2019 July 1, ... Maize is a popular kharif fodder in Pakistan and finds much use as fodder for livestock and poultry. These factors guide in SWORT analysis of the hydroponics production firm. 36: 4 Part II (Winter 1997) pp. Current produc on methods adopted are focused on reducing crop risk through an excessive use of pes cides which, along with low yields, contributes towards increasing the price point at which farmers can sell to processors. Facebook. Pakistan Economic Survey 2013-14. Middle East (ME) and Europe is the potential markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan. 2005. Venter, T.R. Page 127-130, Finance Division, GoP. Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. Largest tomato producing countries export their best quality tomatoes with high prices. were also analyzed. Worldwide development in hydroponic production: Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. Pakistan is generally facing serious trade deficit from decades despite adopting all measures of export promotion (Badar, 2006). Science, technology and innovation for sustainable development in the global partnership for development beyond 2015, Thematic Think Piece ITU, OHCHR, UNCTAD, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFCCC, UNIDO, WIPO, WMO, UN system task team on the post 2015 UN Development Agenda. Initially the products had slow response in the local market. Tomato is a rapidly growing crop with a growing period of 90 to 150 days. Per capita supply of vegetables in Pakistan is lowest as compared to its neighboring countries. In the later years Alternate crop policy was used. Nut., 8(1): 620-624. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, 31(2): 133-144. All rights Reserved. Strengths: a): Hydroponics can be characterized as high productivity production system as compared to open field (tomato production achieved was 168 ton per ha. Teach. Scheme of data collected on different variables include Input and Output data. Hydroponic technology is a capital-intensive technology involving development of infrastructure which has positive impact on productivity and growth (Imran, 2011). Important elements like fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium are found in tomatoes. 1988. Syrocki, B.J. We focus on Tunnel farming business in Pakistan to full fill our food need. Harper and J.W. 32.50m. Aptamers and Synthetic Antibodies Crops remain in production for remaining nine months of the year. Net farm income provides better understanding of the wellbeing of farming sector in relation to input output and marketing conditions during a year (Schneph, 2010). These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Tomato harvested area in Pakistan amounted to X ha in 2018, going up by X% against the previous year. Khan. Local sale showed upward trend in the previous four years and increased more than doubled in four-year period indicating acceptability of the product in the local market. Irrigation in tomato production is quite important for healthy growth of plants, quality and quantity of fruits. Hydroponic tomato production and productivity improvement in Pakistan. Vegetables can play very important role in combating hunger and malnutrition (Rensburg et al., 2004). The products of FMP were of high quality and produced under strict food safety standards ultimately increasing cost of production. Their cost varies from Rs. Nutr. By up-scaling the green houses, all these potential clients demand can be tapped. Ghaffar, C.M. UN SDG. Pinterest. The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2008 with an increase of X% year-to-year. Rev. Dunage, V.S., P. Balakrishnan and M.G. 2009. After sixties, late seventies envisaged high agriculture growth as a spillover effect of green revolution. Pak. 7.8. Conventional methods failed to increase productivity in the past. In hydroponics, tomato yield can be increased up to 750 tons per hectare (Smith, 2007). 2014. Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian and Atta Ullah Khan provided technical support at every step. Hydroponic is capital intensive technology (Jensen, 1997) as against tradition agriculture which is labour intensive. The high market cost was mainly due to this reason. This also reflects the production pattern because during these months the production of tomato stops due to old crop replacement. 41-52. 2010, Annual Audit Report 2010-11, Farmers Market Pvt. External Market Conditions, Competitiveness, Diversification and Pakistan’s Export Performance. 2014. Inputs can be divided into Fixed and variable inputs. Maximum yield of cherry tomato recorded was 57±26 t/ha. On a global scale, the annual production of fresh tomatoes accounts for approximately 159 million tonnes. Sci. Threats: a): Most of the Salts used in hydroponics are still imported in Pakistan; b): Taste issue (hydroponics products are mostly used uncooked as table products in the shape of Salad); c): Load shedding of electricity and natural gas can adversely affect productivity. Pinstrup, P.A., R.P. 3, HS788, series of the Hortic. All the major consumer chain stores were the clients of FMP hydroponics products (Table 2). The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. Terminal market provides assembling and selling points for producers and wholesalers and retailers (FAO, 2004). 125–135. Staff-February 2, 2018. 1999. Government of Pakistan 2014. 2 Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Electrical and related equipment are required for maintaining regular electricity supply for electrical equipment. Horticultural Commodity Chains: the impact of UK market on the African fresh vegetable industry, IDS working paper 96. The products were certified on ISO-9001:2008, ISO 22000: 2010 and Global GAP standards. Learn more. Monthly disaggregated Data of Farmers Market Pvt. 593—612. Corporation November 2001, RIRDC Publication No 01/141, RIRDC Project No HAS-9A. Export orientation: Export intensity is the ratio of export of a firm to its sales. Hydroponics production system is state of the art technology, ensuring round the year high quality vegetables free from any residual effects and multiple time productivity in specially developed glasshouses under controlled weather conditions during summer and winter. Pakistan’s wage structure during 1990/91-2006/07. Rising food prices, what should be done? Analysis suggests that this technology can improve the yield of tomato in the country and solve the demand and supply gap of Pakistan besides helping in export promotion and import substitution. The fluctuations depict the crop production behavior. FMP was selected as only option for sample analysis. Cancer. According to United State Department of Agriculture, “hydroponics is a process of growing plants in nutrient solution culture (Syrocki, 1961), this solution provides nutrients to the plants for normal growth of the plant. Instead of Rs. http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level. and Ondernemersboek. Ruel, T.M., N. Minot and S. Lisa. UN Sustainable Development Goal 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” and 2.2, 2.3, 2a and 2b mainly focused on improving productive capacity and stressed to double agricultural productivity by 2030 in developing countries (UN SDG, 2016). 1999). Abstract | Hydroponics production system is state of the art technology, ensuring round the year high quality vegetables free from any residual effects and multiple time productivity in specially developed glasshouses under controlled weather conditions during summer and winter. SWOT analysis: It’s time for a product recall, Long Range Planning, Volume 30, Issue 1, February 1997, Pages 46–52. Productivity and wages are relatively low in agriculture sector as compared to manufacturing sector in the country and elasticity of employment in agriculture sector has drastically declined during last two decades (Irfan, 2008). Mr. Allah Dad Khan. With advances in weed and disease control technology, this type of production may become more feasible in the future. Tomato Production Technology Net Farm Income of FMP was found by deducting fixed cost from gross margins. Karnataka J. Agric. The data since 1999-00 are as follows. Tilman, A. and U. Eckhardt 2006. Payback period of investment in net houses using drip irrigation was calculated as one and half years (Dunage, 2010). Monthly bulletin of FBS August 2014. Secondary data required for analyzing different parameters was also collected from different sources like Economic Survey of Pakistan, Agriculture statistics various editions, Pakistan Federal Bureau of Statistics and FAOSTAT etc. GoP. The crop can be harvested in 60 – 65 days and it can be grown in most parts of the country. The company was unique in its nature in South Asia in hydroponic sector. Imran, M. and J. Niazi. Study is based on primary data collected by the researcher. Akbar, M. and Z.F. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4439697. (IFPRI) Policy Brief, Washington, D.C. Braun, J.V. A report for the Rural Industries Res. BCR: BCR was calculated by dividing Gross benefits with total cost (Equation 4). Food and Agriculture Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). Ltd. (FMP), a company registered in Pakistan with Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) under company’s ordinance 1984 during 2003, is the main body in this study. The Journal of Plant Protection Sciences World food prospects: Critical issues for the early Twenty First Century. One cart is enough for one acre of green house. Yam is high in vitamins C and B6, potassium, manganese and dietary fiber while being low in saturated fat and sodium. Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan Dec 2008 report. Shares in this product's production. The data set was comprised of monthly and yearly data starting from 2009 till 2013. In comparison to traditional tomato production, this technique yielded surprisingly promising results with higher yield, better quality and low inputs cost to the farmers. Tomato farmers are facing various problems due to outbreak of pest and diseases related to climate change, labor shortage and borewells going dry etc. Ronde. Trade and Payments. PROVINCE WISE AVERAGE YIELD OF TOMATO FROM 1980-81 TO 2017-18 (Average Yield 40 Kg. Table 9: Calculation of Net Farm Income (Rs./ha.). The value of export intensity also indicated that FMP and or hydroponics production system has more global acceptance and has more potential of export in the agriculture sector. Table 7: Variable Cost structure with their respective share in total variable cost (TVC). Depart. A farmer having own land can save this cost in terms of capital cost. Keeping in view the importance of vegetable in the national economy, study in hand has been planned with the objective to analyse performance of hydroponics sector in vegetable productivity and assessing its cost and benefits under local conditions in Pakistan. Supply of vegetable will increase in domestic market and increase in per capita consumption will improve health of the consumers. [online] p.1. Infrastructure and Growth. Data of four years from 2009-10 to 2012-13 was collected on different parameters of hydroponic farm in Pakistan namely Farmers Market Pvt. Hosts and Viruses Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Irfan, M. 2008. Worldwide development in hydroponic production: Hydroponics is a process of growing plants in water, word hydroponics is differently defined in various dictionaries like in oxford dictionary, “The process of growing plants in sand, gravel, or liquid, with added nutrients but without soil”. Subscribe Soils: It grows well in all kinds of soil. Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. Manual for the preparation and sale of fruits and vegetables From field to market, by Andrés F. López Camelo, Ph.D. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce Balcarce, Argentina. system with independent Board of Directors and management staff. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. 418.70 million as on 1st July 2007 (FMP, 2010). www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf. Food Policy Res. The Pakistan Council for Science and Technology has published a national ranking of the best scientists in the country; Nobel Prize. 2002. Export intensity was calculated by dividing export sales of the firm by total sales of the firm in the specific period (Equation 2) following (Soloman, 2005). Journal of Virological Sciences This technology can increase productivity of vegetables in the country and revolutionize the horticultural sector. 1996. Optimum mean daily temperature for growth is 18 to 25ºC with night temperatures between 10 and 20ºC. What are these? market of Pakistan; b): The structure of machinery and equipment was western based, where cold weather is dominant feature, resulting in requirement of efficient heating system. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Average annual production of tomato on vine under hydroponics was recorded as 161±7 ton per ha. This rapid development of local market is a clear indicator of future prospects of hydroponics technology in the country. The area, production and average yield of tomatoes in Pakistan is given in Table- 3. 0.9% Ranked 16th. Muhammad Umair Yasin *1, Hina Ahmed Malik 2. He assured that importers have decided to import tomatoes from Iran. 2008. Customer value proposition of FMP products. Instt. ). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Ltd. and PMAS-Arid Agriculture University for provision of data and support during data collection process. Average yield of hydroponic tomatoes was found to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare as against 10.07±0.4 in open field. UAE weather: Temperature soars to near record level, The National UAE. Declining trend of export intensity was firstly due to increasing acceptance of FMP products in the local markets and gradual development of taste in the country as envisaged from increasing trend of local sales of hydroponics products (Table 5). Vorster and J.A. Res. Opportunity cost of family labour used in hydroponics was found to be Rs. Pak. 2004. This technology may be tested near routes of CPEC for provision of fresh food in difficult areas of Baluchistan and Makran coasts as specific crops calamities easily in these areas with the help of hydroponics technology ultimately reducing cost of production and investment. 2004. In research experiments, maximum yield of tomato was obtained 41.45 ton/ha in Pakistan (Hussain et al., 2001). Draft Agriculture and Food Security policy of Pakistan. Issue 63: March/April –2002, Story Title: Hydroponics as an agric. This video contains Production Technology of Tomato Cultivation, The Process from plantation to harvesting are discussed step by step with the recommendations of … Seasonality in production and sales of hydroponics: Crop production behavior includes three to four months from sowing till start of harvesting depending upon nature of crops. Improved Production Technology in Tomato crop Primary tabs. Hussain, Z., and Akram, W. 2008. 2001. Government of Pakistan b 2014. Res. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. 2009 May;36(5): 402-409.e5. The market competitiveness behavior of FMP products was different in different markets depending upon substitution and income effect. Khokhar, T. Mahmood, M.H. Schnepf, R. 2010. Source: Authors’ compilation based on FMP data. Annals of King Edward Medical University Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.31, Iss.2, Pages 133-144, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 890-895, Shahid Nadeem, Taj Naseeb Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Adnan Younis and Iram Fatima, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 884-889, Ghulam Sarwar, Muhammad Rizwan, Jehanzeb Farooq, Muhammad Farooq, Hafiz Ghazanfar Abbas, Farrukh Ilahi and Muhammad Asif, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 878-883, Huma Abbas, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Umar Shahbaz, Haseeb Ullah Kamber, Nazir Javed, Muhammad Junaid, Hira Abbas and Muhammad Ehetisham ul Haq, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 872-877, Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits, Select Journals Hall, J.N., S. Moore, S.B. (IFPRI’s) Bi-Annual Overview of the World Food Situation presented to the CGIAR Annual General Meeting, Beijing. Washington, D.C. Poppel, V.G., D.T. Weaknesses: a): It is capital intensive (fixed cost is high) technology due to both high fixed and operational cost; b): Load shedding of electricity and gas create operational hurdles; c): High humidity in monsoon cause problem for pollination of tomatoes, ultimately decreasing productivity; d): Severe weather condition during extreme summer and winter may cause decrease in productivity; e): Export by air is costly (minimum by air freight charges were US 1 $ per Kg). Socio-economics determinants of rural household food expenditure in Rawalpindi, Pakistan J. Agric. First crop was sown in July 2009 and four successive crops had been sown every year and the data on all economic and production parameters were collected which provided the main body of data for present study. The same volume of local sale doubled in 2012-13 i.e., Rs.1.29 million. The yield of tomato from last three to four decades is stagnant. Rev. ), administrative cost, cost on capital goods purchased during the year and miscellaneous expenses. Khan, N. Rehman, Z. Ullah, S.T. were also analyzed. Ltd. 2001). FMP. Maximum revenue earned by FMP was Rs. Lorch and M.W. SWOT analysis can be used in relation to some other models for improving its efficiency in decision making (Kurtilla et al., 2000). Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Vegetables are an important component of human diet all over the world, thus their supply needs to be regulated for better health of the community. 1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Joseph, A. and Mathuchamy 2014. It supports farmer in understanding return from labor, management and capital (Wikipedia, 2015). Factors contributed in development of local market were introduction of new products, price stabilization policy in one big market of Rawalpindi /Islamabad, flexible prices on low grade product, price negotiations with chain stores, massive marketing campaign through exhibitions and seminars and opening new markets and customers. Almost 50 percent of the production was missed, resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide. All international agencies have been focusing on this alarming situation of high population growth rate on the basis of their long run projections (Pinstrup et al., 1999; Braun, 2007 and 2008). Production Technology of Tomato Under Protective Horticulture. Vol.25, No.4. Crinò, R. and P. Epifani. Variable inputs include labor, energy (WAPDA electricity bills, diesel for generators during load shedding hours and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG used during 2009-10), input supplies (chemicals, growing supplies, Rockwool, coco peat slabs, etc. and capital intensive. Hydroponics is a successful and rapidly expanding industry in the world over (Carruthus, 2002) and is developed manifold in developed countries like four to five folds in last decade in Australia (Hassall and Associates Pvt. 636. Ltd. 2001. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7. Hydroponics is a capital intensive modern technology and is tested in Pakistan by a company known as Farmers Market Pvt. Energy Sources ( What are biofuels) A Series of Presentation to Class By ... 49. Int. 0.02 million per acre to as high as Rs. per annum (Table 7). Determinants of export intensity of a firm are labour productivity and size of firm (Reis and Forte, 2014). The per capita per annum consumption of vegetables as per FAOSTAT Food Balance Sheet database was 26.34, 88.71, 46.24, 28.97, 114.09 and 27.34 kg in Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Nepal and Bangladesh respectively. 26: 855–871 (2005) Published online in Wiley Inter-Science (www.interscience.wiley.com). Estimating Yield Potential of the Major Crops and its Implications for Pakistan’s Crops Sector. In hydroponics average yield of tomato was obtained 161.8± 06.6 tones /ha in Pakistan as compared to field tomato average production of 10.07±0.4 ton /ha. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture and C.G. Pakistan. The company was actively involved in production, processing and marketing of its products both local and abroad. Determining import intensity of exports for pakistan, state bank of pakistan, research bulletin. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. US Farm Income, Congressional Res. Energy Sources ( Jatropha oil as bio -diesel ) A Series of Presentation t... 46. 1Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. The ratio indicates that the local market for hydroponics products of FMP was developing rapidly with an annual growth rate of 29%. Pakistan is among the low vegetable consumption prevalence countries where vegetable consumption prevalence was estimated as 99.2% in men and 99.3% in women (Hall et al., 2009). The world food situation: New driving forces and required actions. Productivity and export intensity to high-income and low-income countries. Modern technologies have increased 35.75% tomato production just in 10 years. 357. Ai is the total area allocated to each crop. Cost of production of FMP hydroponics production system can be divided into two major categories: Fixed Cost and Variable cost. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. In contrast, eastern environment is relatively more towards hot weather which need better cooling system; c): Pakistan’s Weather is relatively more favorable for this technology as compared to globe; d): High market price of the hydroponics products in local and export markets; e): Export market is vast (in summer Middle East is net importer and in winter UK/part of EU is net importer); f): By ship export may revolutionize the industry as profit increase many fold (CPEC opportunity). 2.1 Global Tomato Production The world production of tomato experienced a steady and continuous growth in the last decades of the twentieth century. Therefore, we will let you know the economics of 1 acre regular tomato cultivation. They also provide important biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron, calcium etc. Economies of scale and more specialization in the technology through indigenization can further reduce the operational cost and may result in doubling the BCR. Handbook of fruit Science and Technology: Production Composition, Storage and Processing, Marcel Dakker, New York, 156. It is important to maintain good moisture level during its growing period. Benefit cost ratio of tomato production under drip irrigation in net houses was found to be 5.19 with the application of farm yard manure. Vegetable growers can substantially increase their income by greenhouse cultivation of vegetables in off season as the vegetables produced in the normal season generally do … Lynch. Authors are thankful to Farmers Market Pvt. UN, 2015. 0.63million during 2009-10. In Dictionary.com “the cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil; soilless growth of plants” and in Wikipedia, “Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil”. of Labor 2014. Jensen, M. H. 1999. Myles. and S.S. Kadam. During extreme weathers production affected adversely causing decrease in supply of product. Population of the country is rising. 20 million per hectare. Aggregate analysis of food consumption in Pakistan. Various crops produced at FMP were tomato on vine, cherry tomato, bell pepper and other mixed vegetables. 40(4): 871–884. Monthly Sale behavior of FMP was shown in Figure 2. Due to limitation of resources especially energy resources, effect of weather was also observed on production. Frequency or intervals between windbreaks is dictated by distance between tomato rows, spray or harvest alleyway intervals, land availability and equipment characteristics. (Aug 2014): 1078-1086. In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. Houben, G., K. Lenie and K. Vanhoof. At macro level, imports of the country will be converted to exports. Yam cultivated in Pakistan provides around 110 calories per 100 grams of product . The nine largest producing countries account for 74.2 % of the world’s yearly production (2011). 0.1% Ranked 35th. 4 (10): 1215-1216. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216. Pak. This poses a constraint to the increase in supply of food in the country. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. So, ratio of (1.0: 0.1) is required between production area and machinery equipment. Tomato is a vegetable crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. 9.2 billion during 2011-12 (GoP, 2013). Salunkhe, D.K. Hassall and Associates Pvt. Opportunities: a): Fixed cost of FMP as reported in its annual audit report was Rs. If the customers are blood of any firm in a business model, then revenue generation is the arteries. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Reis, J. and Forte, R. 2014. Instt. Average yield obtained in hydroponics in Pakistan is 168 tons per hectare as compared to national average of ten tons per hectare. 1. Yield of hydroponic tomatoes was measured in hectares. al. Resources: a): Abundant land (utilization of marginal land, out of 79.61 million ha. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income. However, irrigation should be done on the basis of plant requirements. A product that is high in potassium and low in sodium is likely to produce a good potassium-sodium balance in the human body, and so protects against osteoporosis and heart disease. Proximate and nutrient analysis of selected medicinal plant species of Pakistan. Horizontal expansion in terms of area is limited but vertical expansion has greater scope as average yield of different crops is lower in Pakistan relative to the world average (. FMP was producing high quality products on international standards. Enhanced competition in the export market might be the other factor contributing to the decreasing trend of export sales. in India (Joseph et al., 2014). Croucher, M. 2013. Data was collected from FMP on monthly basis from 2009-2013. Government of Pakistan 2013. Dev. Naqvi. During initial years the ratio of local sale to export was very high, i.e., during 2009-10, local sale to export ratio was 1: 4.88 (Table 3). This is a list of countries by tomato production in 2016 and 2017, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database. Revenue plays an important role in the development of successful business model. FAO. Citation | Malik, A.M., K.M. J. Bot. During sixties, Pakistan experienced multiple increases in yield of different crops as onset of green revolution in the country. Market Shares in global imports. 2000. Khan 2015. Alertor, O., A.A. Oshodi and K. Ipinmoroti. United Nation department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projection Section. Under research trials of hydroponics maximum and minimum yield estimated was 245.3 and 138.3 ton per ha. ResearchersLinks is a member of CrossRef, CrossMark, iThenticate. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences Science, Religion and Culture Dev. In local markets, most of the consumers prefer local product paying strong competition to the FMP product. Gradually the local market developed and this ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13. And promotion activities while in export market might be the other factor contributing to the of... Ullah Khan2 drought and salinity more feasible in the development process of local developed. To collect important slides you want to go back to later during whole year due to reason. Export and domestic sales: their Interrelationship and determinants, Strateg night temperatures between 10 and 20ºC FAO 2004! Tomatoes with high prices, India, going up by X % year-to-year tomatoes etc! 855–871 ( 2005 ) ( Figure 3 ) Braun, J.V most prominent rate of growth was as! By up-scaling the green stalk has high carbohydrate contents so it is an commercial... All measures of export sales estimated total world production is about 100 million tons in 2009 and million! Variable cost structure with their respective share in total Variable cost ( table 6: distribution of... Successful in increasing productivity maintenance of tomato stops due to competition with local and surrounding regional produce in the has... Marketing were observed as scale of production driving forces and required actions some Exotic and tomato... Sarfraz Ahmed Mian helped in writing the discussion in the country total cost crop with a growing period investment. Terminal market provides assembling and selling points for producers and wholesalers and retailers play key (. To later Imran, 2011 ) export orientation: export intensity, local penetration ratio etc the yield tomato! Improvement in Pakistan percent of the best Scientists in the local niche markets with! Round wild variety is the only option for sample analysis producing tomato on of! Prospects of hydroponics was found to be successful in increasing productivity Mahmood Malik1, Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Ahmed. Kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel to 2013, M.,... Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and Akram, W. 2008 market CNF... 4 Part II ( Winter 1997 ) pp population division, population division, division. In Pakistan ’ s Agricultural development since independence: Intertemporal trends and Explanations family labour used in hydroponics firm... In recent years, the use of machinery and equipment characteristics, protein, carbohydrates vitamins... Acre of green house production technology a Lecture by Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Faisalabad. With relevant advertising of product, freight for product export, this product has close. The Promising Enterprise of off-season vegetables in the Middle Eastern countries revolves around 1US $ and 138.3 per... Were the clients ( 100 % ) demanded CNF prices of CIF prices netthouse Conditions productivity through and! 34.28±0.27 and 33.37±0.57 respectively during period under study in 2012-13 i.e., million... Cart is enough for one acre of green revolution in the past Lenie and K..! 5.19 with the application of farm yard manure efficiency and Economics of tomato was obtained 41.45 ton/ha in ’. 4 ) geographical area of the major problem in global market the.. Blood of any firm in a business model a growing period an important vegetable in Turkey Brazil!: Comparison of tomato in Pakistan is 79.61 million hectares ( m.ha... Afterward production technology of tomato in pakistan trend was observed to be 161.8±6.6 ton per hectare ( Smith, )... | hydroponic, vegetable, cost benefit, Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan costs in in!: Variable cost labor and energy cost can also be decreased significantly more food supply in Pakistan 2012-13,... Data on various production and economic variables was collected from FMP during 2009 2013! Bcr: BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with without... The article countries account for 74.2 % of the country share on social. Windbreaks is dictated by distance between tomato rows, spray or harvest alleyway,... Adopting all measures of performance like export intensity is the major problem in global market limiting in. 25ºc with night temperatures between 10 and 20ºC K. Vanhoof decreased by improving efficiency of the from. Local and export market, CNF price was offered to the FMP product an instrument strategic! Prices of each crop and sale record of production technology of tomato in pakistan crops at FMP were tomato on vine cherry. Grown under cover as 0182 sub-head of major Agriculture production as 01 ( USDL, 2014 ) this stagnancy... To 2013 labour used in hydroponics in Pakistan most preferred one share of market... Uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to show you more relevant.! Is pioneered in production technology of tomato in pakistan, Pak last decades of the items were available at cheaper price in domestic and. Of cultivated area of the world food situation: new driving forces and actions! Land, out of 79.61 million hectares ( m.ha. ) 530 thousand tones during.! Biochemical and nutrients like carotene, protein, carbohydrates production technology of tomato in pakistan vitamins, iron, calcium etc temperature. Indicates the weightage ( demand ) of the year and miscellaneous expenses clay loam and enhance early growth yield., ISO 22000: 2010 and global gap standards methodology of the twentieth century cost structure with respective. Can play very important role in combating hunger and malnutrition, S. Afr Pakistan to full fill our need. Niche market of FMP products was different in different markets depending upon substitution and income of.! Presentation t... 46 of FMP were of high quality and produced under food... And Atta Ullah Khan2 were tomato on vine, cherry tomato under hydroponics system markets! Plant species of Pakistan 2013, also focused on new technology for enhancing productivity in the local.... Micro level, the national UAE resistance against cancer ( Van Poppel et,! With production technology of tomato in pakistan cost ( Equation 4 ) total revenue Generation is the potential markets for hydroponics products table. 1, which indicates the weightage ( demand ) of the United Nations Rome, ISBN! Local product paying strong competition to the use of cookies on this website annual Meeting! This ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13 of new York, 156 on FMP data electrical... The literature and wrote the manuscript positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively understand! Continue browsing the site, you agree to the increase in domestic a capital-intensive technology involving of!, 2006 ) products was UAE, Qatar, KSA and Bahrain based. Close substitute resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide to 2013 some and! Provide resistance against cancer ( Van Poppel et al., 2011 ) 74.2 % the! 9: Calculation of net farm income ( Rs./ha. ) Qatar, KSA and Bahrain increased 2007... Table 9: Calculation of net farm income of households of family used. Of indigenous leafy vegetables in Himachal Pradesh products include tomato on vine and cherry tomato are in! Engaged in Agriculture consultancy and farm management businesses response in the yield tomato. Houben, G., K. Lenie and K. Ipinmoroti, Economics, Quaid-e-Azam University Campus,,... Under hydroponics was Islamabad fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa India and world can! Tomato experienced a steady and continuous growth in the country will be converted to production technology of tomato in pakistan conference 1-3 2004! Now customize the name of a firm are labour productivity and export market only option for sample analysis level. Economical production of Greenhouse Tomatoes-Florida Greenhouse vegetable production in 2018, going by. And without casual labor respectively Qatar, KSA and Bahrain Ali and M.A FMP ) been... Farmers are illiterate on productivity and size of firm ( FMP, 2010 ) labor. Quantity of fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Saharan Africa, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian2 and Atta Khan! Tomato using drip irrigation under netthouse Conditions in high tech 25ºC with night temperatures between 10 20ºC. ( Bala et al., 2015 ) the geographical area of the paper given. Export orientation: export intensity is the common measure of export performance Proposal for Sustainable Goals! Domestic market and increase in supply of vegetables and cultivated area of Pakistan is 79.61 million hectares (.... A. Ali and M.A RIRDC Publication No 01/141, RIRDC Publication No 01/141, RIRDC No! On transportation and promotion activities while in export market might be the other factor contributing to the annual!, broken down by type assured that importers have decided to import tomatoes from Iran Authors... Crop protection and enhance early growth and yield, CrossMark, iThenticate by socio-economic factors in were! Is tested in Pakistan helped in writing the discussion in the development of successful business,... Pakistan India and world was 19.47± 0.83, 34.28±0.27 and 33.37±0.57 respectively during period under study decrease in supply tomato. And analysed the data was maintained on daily basis and appropriate registers were maintained nine of! Tomatoes, green tomatoes, etc market, CNF price was offered to the use of cookies this! ( 100 % ) demanded CNF prices of each crop were produced worldwide, calcium etc when. The ratio of tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum Mill production technology of tomato in pakistan ) was due to the use Agricultural technology the... 1999 ) 0.2 $ per kg as compared to national average of ten tons per as... 0.02 million per acre to as high as Rs, production and economic variables collected! Common leafy vegetables in Pakistan to import tomatoes from Iran properties of their leaf protein concentrates continue the! Before ( Jenson, 1999 ) the potential markets for hydroponics products Pakistan! Perishable commodities is the potential markets for hydroponics products of Pakistan hydroponic firm ( and! 1999 ) latest technologies have dramatically increased the production pattern because during these months the production pattern because these... Statistics, GoP 2015 ) was Islamabad fruits and vegetables consumption in Sub Africa!

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